Anti-bullying programs don’t work. In fact, they increase the odds of being a bullying victim.
Anti-bullying programs that are now commonplace in schools may be having the opposite of their intended effect, according to new research from the University of Texas, Arlington.
In a study published in the Journal of Criminology on Thursday, a team of researchers found that students at schools with anti-bullying initiatives are actually more likely to be victims of bullying than students who attend schools without such programs.
Speculation about the reasons anti-bullying programs don’t work:
- Bullies are able to learn how better to escape detection.
- Educational programs increase the reporting of incidents.
- Knowledge simply does not translate to prevention, and more sophisticated programs are needed
Schools use many programs that “lack solid evidence about their effectiveness“.
Among many educators, ‘personal anecdote trumps data’.
… Too often, they are swayed by marketing or anecdotes or the latest fad. And “invariably,” he added, “folks trying to sell a program will say there is evidence behind it,” even though that evidence is far from rigorous.
While Rachel’s Challenge and DARE both engage students, they don’t reduce bullying and drug abuse.
I once challenged the use of Rachel’s Challenge, an anti-bullying program, in our local schools. When I questioned why the school was spending time and money on an anti-bullying program that could only offer “anecdotal” evidence of its efficacy, I was met with protests that it engaged many students and moved them to tears with its stories.
Another feel-good program is DARE, which aims to prevent drug abuse and violence, Local teachers have acknowledged there is no data showing it works. Again, their defense is that it engages students.